The Moroccan Constitution provides for a monarchy with a Parliament and an independent judiciary. Since the constitutional reform of 1996, the bicameral legislature consists of a lower chamber, the Chamber of Representatives, which is directly elected and an upper chamber, the Chamber of Counselors, whose members are indirectly elected through various regional, local, and professional councils. The councils’ members themselves are elected directly. The Parliament’s powers were expanded under the 1992 and 1996 constitutional revisions and include budgetary matters, approving bills, questioning ministers, and establishing ad hoc commissions of inquiry to investigate the government’s actions. The lower chamber of Parliament may dissolve the government through a vote of no confidence.

The Constitution guarantees : the freedom of movement, equal rights to education and to employment, multiple political parties, the right to strike, religious freedom and the respect of human rights as they are universally recognized.