The Government is made up of the Prime Minister and Ministers. It is answerable to the King and the Parliament. After the appointment of the Cabinet members by the King, the Prime Minister appears before each one of the two Houses, to submit the programme to be carried out. Such a programme clearly outlines the policy to be adopted by the Government in various areas of national activity, namely in economic, social, cultural and foreign affairs.
This programme comes under discussion in each one of the two Houses. At the House of Representatives, it is put to the vote in accordance with the provisions stipulated in paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 75.
The Prime Minister delegates some of his powers to the Ministers ; Decrees endorsed by the Prime Minister are countersigned by the Minister responsible for the implementation thereof.
The Government ensures the execution of the laws and are responsible for the administration.
The Prime Minister has the right to introduce bills. No draft bill is tabled in one of the two Houses before it is debated in a Cabinet meeting.
The Prime Minister is responsible for the co-ordination of ministerial activities.
The Cabinet is notified of the following, before any relevant decision is taken :
- matters related to general policies of the State
- declaration of martial law
- declaration of war
- requesting confidence from the House of Representatives to allow the Government to carry out their responsibilities further
- draft bills, before they are brought to one of the two Houses
- statutory decrees
- decrees spelled out in Articles 40,41,45 and 55 of the Constitution
- draft plans
- drafts for revising this Constitution
In the voting procedure, the government has the following prerogatives :
- The Government may declare the unsuitability of any proposal or amendment considered outside the purview of the legislative power. In case of disagreement, the Constitutional Council shall take action within a period of eight days upon request of one of the two Houses or the Government.
- During the recess periods, the Government may, in agreement with the committees concerned, in both Houses, adopt ordinances which shall be submitted, for ratification, during the following regular session of Parliament.
- Priority in the agenda of each assembly for the governmental texts or the proposals accepted by it in the order fixed by the government.
- The right to propose amendments and the right to object to the examination of any amendment not submitted, beforehand, to the acting committee concerned.
- The resort to the emergency procedure for the examination of a text.